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Jonathan Otley

These are very brief notes about Jonathan Otley, geologist, clockmaker, map maker, born at Scroggs, Loughrigg, 1766, died at Keswick, Cumberland, 1856. Several biographical articles have been written about this important local character, who was dubbed the Father of Lakeland Geology by J E Marr in 1916:-

Challinor, J: 1951: Jonathan Otley's Geology of the Lake District: North Western Naturalist: vol.23: pp.113-126

Leitch, D R: 1882: Memoir of Jonathan Otley: (Keswick)

Oldroyd, David: : Earth, Water, Ice and Fire; Two Hundred Years of Geological Research in the English Lake District: Geological Society: memoir no.25

Smith, Alan, Dr: 1998=1999: Jonathan Otley: Cumberland Geological Society: vol.6 part 3 (Millenium Edition Proceedings): pp.309-313

Smith, Alan R: 2000 (Jan-Feb): Jonathan Otley; Pioneer of Lakeland Geology: Geology Today

Smith, Alan: 2001: Rock Men, The: Cumberland Geological Society (Keswick, Cumbria):: ISBN 0 9541102 0 X

Smith, Thomas Fletcher: 2007: Jonathan Otley, Man of Lakeland: Bookcase (Carlisle, Cumbria):: ISBN 1 904147 23 7

Ward, J Clifton: 1877 Jonathan Otley: Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science: part 2: includes some transcribed correspondence

Wilkinson, Brian: 2004: Jonathan Otley, Clockmaker and Geologist 1766-1856: (unpublished talk given in Keswick)

Wilson, Tom: 1955: Jonathan Otley, Clockamker and Geologist & Story of Keswick's Back-room Boy: Keswick Reminder
Jonathan Otley's birthplace, 10 January 1766, was Scoggs, Loughrigg, Lakes, which was illustrated on the cover of the 7th and 8th editions of his guide:-

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1740s

and:-

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26.3.2007

His residence and clockmaker's shop from 1791 was at Jonathan Otley's up t'steps, in King's Head Yard, Keswick:-

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24.7.2006


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HERE LIVED JONATHAN OTLEY 1766-1856 GEOLOGIST & CLOCKMAKER / A HUMBLE STUDENT OF NATURE AND SCIENCE WHO LABOURED FOR HIS FELLOWS.
24.7.2006

There are some protraits:-

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Print, lithograph, Jonathan Otley, Keswick, Cumbria from a photograph by Thomas Brown, engraved by C Scahcher, printed by Schenk and McFarlane, Edinburgh.
Keswick Museum KESMG:3054x


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Portrait, Jonathan Otley, Keswick, Cumbria.
Keswick Museum

Jonathan Otley's own publications include:-

Otley, Jonathan: 1818: District of the Lakes, Map of the: (Keswick, Cumberland)

Otley, Jonathan: 1823=1849 (8 edns): Concise description of the English Lakes & Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes (later edns): Otley, Jonathan (Keswick, Cumberland) & Richardson, John (London) & Foster, Arthur (Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmorland)

Otley, Jonathan: 1820: Remarks on the Succession of Rocks in the District of the Lakes: Lonsdale Magazine: vol.1: pp.433-438

Otley, Jonathan: 1820: Remarks on the Succession of Rocks in the District of the Lakes: Philosophical Magazine: vol.56: pp.257-271

Otley, Jonathan: 1819: Account of the Floating Island in Derwent Lake, Keswick: Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society: series 2 vol.3: p.64

Otley, Jonathan: 1819: Account of the Black Lead Mine in BorrowdaleManchester Literary and Philosophical Society: series 2 vol.3: p.168

Otley, Jonathan: 1831: Further Observations on the Floating Island of Derwentwater: Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society: series 2 vol.5: p.19
Keswick Museum (Station Road, Keswick, Cumbria) has a number of instruments made and/or used by Jonathan Otley:-

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Display of instruments, map, etc.
19.9.2006


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Graphometer, brass; diameter of the scale 23cm.
Keswick Museum KESMG:2612
2006


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Simple theodolite, brass; diameter 13cm. The cover of the compass is engraved 'JO' and another inscription reads 'J. Otel KESWICK'.
Keswick Museum KESMG:2614
2006


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Clinometer, wood and brass; length 31cm. Inscribed 'J Otley'.
Keswick Museum KESMG:2615
2006

The museum also has letters associated with Jonathan Otley, a rain gauge, circular protractor, cistern barometer, tripod, lantern, obituary card, as well as copies of his guide and map.

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