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Sprinkling Tarn, Borrowdale
Sprinkling Tarn
civil parish:-   Borrowdale (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   tarn
coordinates:-   NY22800912 (etc) 
1Km square:-   NY2209
10Km square:-   NY20

BNG84.jpg  and Great Gable.
(taken 26.2.2007)  
Click to enlarge
BRM71.jpg (taken 14.9.2009)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 75 9) 
placename:-  Sprinkling Tarn
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   old drawing:- Green 1790s-1820s
item:-  fishing
source data:-   Drawing, pen and ink, fishing, Sprinkling Tarn, Borrowdale, Cumberland, by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1800s-10s?
image  click to enlarge
item:-  Dove Cottage : 1994.118.7
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Green 1815
placename:-  Sprinkling Tarn
item:-  sheep
source data:-   Print, coloured aquatint, Sprinkling Tarn, Borrowdale, Cumberland, by William Green, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1815.
image  click to enlarge
Plate 49 in Lake Scenery. 
printed at upper right:-  "49"
printed at bottom:-  "SPRINKLING TARN. / Published at Ambleside, June 1, 1815, by Wm. Green."
item:-  Armitt Library : A6646.45
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Otley 1818
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, The District of the Lakes, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, 1818, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Scotland, published by Jonathan Otley, Keswick, Cumberland, et al, 1833.
item:-  JandMN : 48.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
item:-  fishingtrout
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P037, button  goto source
Page 37:-  "... Sprinkling Tarn, of irregular shape, reposes under Great End Crag: it abounds with excellent trout; but they are too well fed, or too wary, to be easily tempted by the bait of the angler. ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
placename:-  Sprinkling Tarn
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P070, button  goto source
Page 70:-  "..."
"... [Stye Head etc] ... The tarn under Great End Crag is a fine subject for the pencil. ... Sprinkling Tarn, noted by all anglers for its trout. ..."

evidence:-   old text:- Miller 1847
placename:-  Sparkling Tarn
item:-  rain gaugerainfall
source data:-   Book, Report on the Fall of Rain in the Lake Districts of Cumberland and Westmoreland in 1846, by John Fletcher Miller, printed by G Irwin, Lowther Street, Whitehaven, Cumberland, 1847.
image MI02P04, button  goto source
Page 4:-  "Note. The Lake district Gauges are five inches in diameter; they are all of the same construction, and are elevated about eighteen inches above the surface. The funnel rims are of stout sheet brass, so that the apertures cannot readily lose their circular form. The Metres were all made by Bate of the Poultry, London. - The Rain is read off daily at 9 A.M."
image MI02P08, button  goto source
Page 8:- 
image MI02P09, button  goto source
"The Mountain Gauges are on pretty much the same construction as those in the vallies, but the receivers are much more capacious, being calculated to hold nearly 80 inches of Rain."
"The Gauge ... [at] Sparkling Tarn is about 600 feet above the top of Stye Head Pass, ..."
The Valley, 160 feet above the sea, has received 71.24
Stye Head, 1290 76.24
Seatollar, 1334 77.85
Sparkling Tarn, 1900 91.15
Great Gabel, 2925 64.69
Sca Fell, 3166 56.35

evidence:-   old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H
placename:-  Sprinkling Tarn
source data:-   Map of the English Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
"Sprinkling Tarn"
outline with shore form lines, lake or tarn 
item:-  JandMN : 82.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s
source data:-   Photograph, sepia, camping at Sprinkling Tarn, Borrowdale, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, Strawberry Bank, Ambleside, Westmorland, about 1890s-1900s.
image  click to enlarge
internegative at lower left:-  "H. Bell."
item:-  Armitt Library : 1958.3186.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s
source data:-   Photograph, black and white, Sprinkling Tarn and Great Gable from Esk Hause, Cumberland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
image  click to enlarge
internegative at lower left:-  "H. Bell"
item:-  Armitt Library : ALPS238
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- MacBride 1922
placename:-  Sprinkling Tarn
source data:-   Print, colour, Sprinkling Tarn and Great Gable, by Alfred Heaton Cooper, published by Adam and Charles Black, 4-6 Soho Square, London, 2nd edn 1928.
image  click to enlarge
Tipped in opposite p.17 in Wild Lakeland by MacKenzie MacBride. 
printed at bottom:-  "SPRINKLING TARN AND GREAT GABLE"
signed at lower right:-  "A. HEATON COOPER"
item:-  JandMN : 195.6
Image © see bottom of page

BNG85.jpg (taken 26.2.2007)  
Click to enlarge
CAY94.jpg (taken 23.6.2014)  

Rainfall of more than 200 inches in a year has been recorded here.

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