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placename:- Sizergh Castle
other name:- Sizergh Park
parish Helsington parish, once in Westmorland
locality:- Sizergh
county:- Cumbria
building/s; park; garden
coordinates:- SD49868788
10Km square:- SD48

1Km square SD4987

photograph

Sizergh Castle -- Sizergh -- Helsington -- Cumbria / -- 16.6.2008
photograph

Sizergh Castle -- Sizergh -- Helsington -- Cumbria / -- 16.6.2008

old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 42 3)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Sizergh Hall
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Taylor 1892

thumbnail TY5030, button to large image
Print, halftone photograph, Sizergh Castle, Sizergh, Helsington, Westmorland, published for the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, by Titus Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, and by Charles Thurnam and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1892.
Tipped in opposite p.182 of The Old Manorial Halls of Cumberland and Westmorland, by Michael Waistell Taylor.

placename:- Sizergh Castle
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Taylor 1892

thumbnail TY5031, button to large image
Print, plan of Sizergh Castle, Sizergh, Helsington, Westmorland, published for the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, by Titus Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, and by Charles Thurnam and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1892.
Tipped in between pp.184-185 of The Old Manorial Halls of Cumberland and Westmorland, by Michael Waistell Taylor.

placename:- Sizergh Castle
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Taylor 1892

thumbnail TY5032, button to large image
Print, Sizergh Castle Panelling in Drawing Room, Sizergh, Helsington, Westmorland, drawn by JFC 1888, published for the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, by Titus Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, and by Charles Thurnam and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1892.
Tipped in between pp.188-189 of The Old Manorial Halls of Cumberland and Westmorland, by Michael Waistell Taylor.

placename:- Sizergh Castle
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Taylor 1892

thumbnail TY5033, button to large image
Print, Sizergh Castle Panelling in Dining Room, Sizergh, Helsington, Westmorland, drawn by JFC 1888, published for the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, by Titus Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, and by Charles Thurnam and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1892.
Tipped in between pp.190-191 of The Old Manorial Halls of Cumberland and Westmorland, by Michael Waistell Taylor.

placename:- Sizergh Castle
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Taylor 1892

thumbnail TY5034, button to large image
Print, Sizergh Castle Bay in Panelling of Inlaid Chamber, Sizergh, Helsington, Westmorland, drawn by JFC 1888, published for the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, by Titus Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, and by Charles Thurnam and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1892.
Tipped in between pp.192-193 of The Old Manorial Halls of Cumberland and Westmorland, by Michael Waistell Taylor.

placename:- Sizergh Castle
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old print:- Taylor 1892

thumbnail TY5035, button to large image
Print, Sizergh Castle Panelling in Boynton Room, Sizergh, Helsington, Westmorland, drawn by JFC 1888, published for the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, by Titus Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, and by Charles Thurnam and Sons, Carlisle, Cumberland, 1892.
Tipped in opposite p.196 of The Old Manorial Halls of Cumberland and Westmorland, by Michael Waistell Taylor.

placename:- Sizergh Castle
date:- 1892
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0714, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, Sizergh Castle, Helsington, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0715, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, bedroom, Sizergh Castle, Helsington, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell? photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0716, button to large image
Photograph, black and white, hall, Sizergh Castle, Helsington, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell? photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1890s.
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0164, button to large image
Photograph, Sizergh Castle, Helsington, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1907.
Vol.2 no.164 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
164. Sizergh Castle. Kendal. K.

placename:- Sizergh Castle
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0165, button to large image
Photograph, Sizergh Castle from the Courtyard, Helsington, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1907.
Vol.2 no.165 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
165. Sizergh Castle from the Courtyard. Kendal. K.

placename:- Sizergh Castle
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0166, button to large image
Photograph, Sizergh Castle, the Inlaid Chamber, Helsington, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1895.
Vol.2 no.166 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
166. Sizergh Castle. "The Inlaid Chamber". Kendal. K.

placename:- Sizergh Castle
date:- 1895
period:- 1890s

old photograph:- Bell 1880s-1940s

thumbnail HB0167, button to large image
Photograph, Sizergh Castle, the Banqueting Hall, Helsington, Westmorland, by Herbert Bell, photographer, Ambleside, Westmorland, 1907.
Vol.2 no.167 in an album, Examples of Early Domestic and Military Architecture in Westmorland, assembled 1910.
ms at bottom:-
167. Sizergh Castle. The Banqueting Hall. Kendal. K.

placename:- Sizergh Castle
date:- 1907
period:- 1900s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2SD48, button to large image
Sizergh Ha.
block, building

placename:- Sizergh Hall
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02SD48, button to large image
Sizergh Hall
Building and park.

placename:- Sizergh Hall
county:- Westmoreland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 19:-
...
SIZERGH HALL,
The ancient castellated seat of the Stricklands, in the midst of fertile grounds sprinkled with wood, which finely contrasts with the wildness and sterility of the hill above. Built in the days of feudal discord and border rapine, its strong towers give it a formidable appearance; the interior, however, is elegantly furnished, and the dining-room is ceiled and wainscoated with richly carved oak. The Queen's room is so called from Catherine Parr having once lodged in it.
Page 153:-
...
Sizergh Hall on the left.- If the tourist has any penchant for fine old carved wainscotings, &c., and rooms exhibiting the massive and splendid style of ancient days, he should by all means turn aside to this remnant of feudal strength.

placename:- Sizergh Hall
person:- : Strickland Family
person:- : Parr, Catherine
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P098, button   goto source.
Page 98:-
... the road ... passes the castellated Hall of Sizergh, the family seat of the Stricklands.
person:- : Strickland Family
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

source:- Otley 1818

New Map of the District of the Lakes, in Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Jonathan Otley, engraved by J and G Menzies, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, published by J Otley, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, 1818; pblished 1818 to 1850s.
image OT02SD48, button   goto source.
thumbnail OT02SD48, button to large image

placename:- Sizergh

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38315, button to large image
page 315-316
Beyond Sizerth, on l. is Sizerth Hall, Charles Strickland, Esq.

placename:- Sizerth Hall
person:- : Strickland, Charles
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 152:-
...
In Helsington chapelry is Sisergh hall, the seat of the Stricklands from the time of king John, a venerable old building embattled, with a tower and guard-room. In it is a room called the Queen's with the royal arms, probably a retirement of Catherine Parr.

placename:- Sisergh Hall
person:- : Strickland Family
person:- : Parr, Catherine
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02SD48, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02SD48, button to large image

placename:- Sizergh Hall
house
county:- Westmorland

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21Pr02, button   goto source.
Preface, Footnote:-
Mr. WEST died the 10th of July, 1779, at the ancient seat of the Stricklands, at Sizergh, in Westmorland, in the sixty-third year of his age; and, according to his own request, was interred in the choir, or chapel, belonging to the Strickland Family in Kendal Church. ...
... ...
image WS21P187, button   goto source.
Page 187:-
...
... Sizergh ... The tower was built in the reign of Henry III, or Edward I, by Sir William Strickland, who had married Elizabeth, the general heiress of Ralph D'Aincourt. This is evident from an escutcheon cut in stone, on the west side of the tower, and hung cornerwise, D'Aincourt quartering Strickland, three escalop shells, the crest, on a close helmet, a full-topt holly-bush. The same are the arms of the family at this time, and this has been their chief residence ever since.[2]
[2] Sizergh-hall, is a venerable old building, in a pleasant situation, formed like the rest in ancient times, for a place of defence. The tower is a square building, defended by two square turrets and battlements. One of them is over the great entrance, and as a guard-room capable of containing ten or a dozen men with embrazures. The winding stair-case terminates in a turret, which defends the other entrance.
Burn's Westmorland.
image WS21P215, button   goto source.
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769
Page 215:-
...
After dinner I went along the Millthorp turnpike, ... came to Sizergh (pronounced Siser), ... This seat of the Stricklands, an old catholic family, is an ancient hall house, with a very large tower, embattled; the rest of the buildings added to it are of a later date, but all is white and seen to advantage on a back ground of old trees; there is a small park also well wooded. ...

placename:- Sizergh Hall
other name:- Sizergh
person:- : West, Thomas
person:- : Strickland, William
person:- : Strickland Family
person:- : D'Aincourt Family
date:- 1769; 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s; 1770s

old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd)

Map, The County of Westmoreland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed by J Ainslie and perhaps T Donald, engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
thumbnail J5SD48NE, button to large image
SYZERGH PARK / Chas. Strickland Esqr.
outline with fence palings; park, house, avenue of trees, etc

placename:- Syzergh Park
county:- Westmorland
person:- : Strickland, Charles
date:- 1770
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

old map:- Simpson 1746 map (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland? in The Agreeable Historian by Samuel Simpson, printed by R Walker, Fleet Lane, London, 1746.
image SMP2SDP, button   goto source.
thumbnail SMP2SDP, button to large image
Siserg
Building and park.

placename:- Siserg
county:- Westmorland
building/s; park
date:- 1746
period:- 18th century, early; 1740s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Wmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD10SD48, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD10SD48, button to large image
Siserge
Circle, in its park - ring of fence palings, trees.

placename:- Siserge
county:- Westmorland
park
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

hearth tax returns:- Hearth Tax 1675

Records, hearth tax survey returns, Westmorland, 1674/75.
Cisergh hall
in
Helsington

placename:- Cisergh hall
date:- 1675
period:- 17th century, late; 1670s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3SD48, button to large image
Siserghe
Buildings and tower in a ring of fence palings.

placename:- Siserghe
county:- Westmorland
castle; park
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Wmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP14SD48, button to large image
Siserghe
circle, tower and ring of fence palings for the park

placename:- Siserghe
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9SD48, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9SD48, button to large image
Tower, symbol for a house, hall, tower, etc.
Siserghe
Settlement, fence palings, tree.

placename:- Siserghe
county:- Westmorelandia
house
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Wmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA18, button to large image
Sizergh Pk.
outline of fence palings; park

placename:- Sizergh Park
county:- Westmorland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
SIZERGH CASTLE / / / HELSINGTON / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / I / 75286 / SD4986587884
courtesy of English Heritage
Castle. South Tower, probably C15, (previously thought to be C14 and the earliest building on the site) appears to have been added to earlier hall with crosswing which forms the basis of the North Tower. Original pre-C15 external entrance to Hall is at ground floor level on East side. Remains of wall under present verandah to East apparently date from alterations to enlarge the Hall carried out between Machell's record of the building in 1670 and an eyewitness account in 1770. Alterations to accommodate carriage entrance carried out during the C19. Subsidiary wings to the West mid C16 with later alterations including refenestration of North wing during C19. Limestone rubble walls, wings partially rendered. Pitched roofs slated, with decorative barge boards (probably C17) and stone ball finials, embattled roofs leaded: leadwork to South Tower turret dated 1749. Variety of stone chimney stacks to Hall, massive 3-stage stacks to West wings, embattled stone chimney stack to South Tower probably C16. Upper floor windows to west side of South Tower C15 mullioned and transomed, ground floor C19. East and West sides of main block mostly late C18 Gothick under hood moulds with labels; Venetian windows in East side of both North and South Towers; C16 mullioned and transomed windows in South West wing. A panel of uncertain date above 2nd floor window in West side of South Tower displays the arms of Deincourt quartering those of Strickland. The interior has vaulted undercrofts to the North and South Towers, that in the North being a later addition; mural staircase in South Tower; very fine panelled rooms from C16 and later with ornately carved overmantles and decorative ceilings; dated Jacobean glass from various sources.
References:
The National Trust Guidebook to Sizergh
Henry Hornyold: Strickland of Sizergh: Kendal 1928 (Limited Edition) (p.258 quotes eyewitness account pre 1770)
Jane M Ewbank (Ed) : Antiquary on Horseback (from collections of Rev Thos Machell) C&W Extra series Vol.XIX Kendal 1963 pp.67/68
R.C.H.M. (For interior descriptions only)

placename:- Sizergh Castle
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- SD49868788
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
GARDEN WALL, GATEPIERS AND SUMMER HOUSE TO SOUTH OF SIZERGH CASTLE / / / HELSINGTON / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 75289 / SD4983687851
courtesy of English Heritage
Garden walls, gatepiers and Summer House. Probably C18 and C19. Wall brick on garden side, limestone to stables side. Summerhouse and gatepiers stone. Gatepiers surmounted by stone urns. Included for group value.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- gate piers; summer house -- garden wall
coordinates:- SD49838785
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
WALLS, GATE PIERS, FENCING AND GATES TO WEST OF SIZERGH CASTLE / / / HELSINGTON / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 75290 / SD4979687910
courtesy of English Heritage
Walls, gate piers, fencing and gates. Late C19 or early C20. Roughly coursed limestone with roughly cut limestone copings. Gate piers surmounted by small balls. Timber fence and gates. Included for group value.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- gate piers; gate
coordinates:- SD49798791
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
STABLES AND ATTACHED BARN TO SOUTH WEST OF SIZERGH CASTLE / / / HELSINGTON / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 75287 / SD4979387838
courtesy of English Heritage
Stables (now converted to 2 houses) and bank barn attached at right angles. Probably mid C19. Limestone rubble walls, graduated greenslate roof, stone chimney stacks on stables. Stables: 2 storeys, symmetrical about square central block with recessed arch and surmounted by leaded cupola and weathervane. 2 openings with flattened arched heads to either side of central arched window flanked by 2 smaller casements. 6 casements above. All windows C20 replacements. Barn had 2 cart entrances to each side, those with ramped approaches from courtyard now blocked and small door inserted. Included partly for group value.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- stable; barn
coordinates:- SD49798783
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
HOUSE AND OUTBUILDINGS FORMING NORTH SIDE COURTYARD SOUTH WEST OF SIZERGH CASTLE / / / HELSINGTON / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 75288 / SD4978487881
courtesy of English Heritage
House and outbuildings. Probably early C19. Stone rubble walls, slate roofs. Included for group value.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- SD49788788
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- LMS 1920s

Guide book, LMS Route Book no.3, The Track of the Royal Scot, part 1 London Euston to Carlisle, by Edmund Vale, published by the London Midland and Scottish Railway, LMS, 1920s.
thumbnail LS1E31, button to large image
Sizergh Castle, Helsington, drawn by R M Hutchings, published in the LMS Route Book No.3, The Track of the Royal Scot, by the London Midland and Scottish Railway, LMS, 1920s.
date:- 1920=1929
period:- 1920s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.3 no.18)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0629, button to large image
Print, engraving, Interior of Sizergh Hall, Westmorland, by Thomas Allom, engraved by J Tingle, 1830s.
Published opposite p.58 in Westmorland, its Lakes and Mountains Illustrated, by Peter Jackson, The Caxton Press, London, 1830s.
Originally vol.3 no.18 in Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Ilustrated, with descriptions by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate, London, about 1835.

placename:- Sizergh Hall
date:- 1830=1839
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R2E58, button to large image

placename:- Sizergh Hall
date:- 1830
period:- 19th century, early

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Sizergh Castle -- Sizergh -- Helsington -- Cumbria / -- 16.6.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Sizergh Castle -- Sizergh -- Helsington -- Cumbria / -- 16.6.2008
tiny photograph, 
button to large Sizergh Castle -- Sizergh -- Helsington -- Cumbria / -- 16.6.2008

hearsay 14th century pele; 15th century hall, etc.
The estate was granted to Gervase Deincourt by Henry II, 1170. 27 generations of the Strickland Family held the castle from 1239 to 1950.

story Gervase Deincourt was a jealous man, and when summoned to give border service against the Scots he locked his wife away, and ordered the servants not to release her. The frightened servants didn't even feed her, and she starved to death. Her host still walks the corridors of the castle looking for release.

Longville, Tim & Corbett, Val (photr): 2007: Gardens of the Lake District: Lincoln, Frances (London)
: 2012: Cumbria Gardens 2012: National Gardens Scheme

notes 14th century tower, hall, etc
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustrations

button   sundial, Sizergh

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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