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placename:- Scarth Gap
other name:- Scarth Gap Pass
parish Buttermere parish, once in Cumberland
parish Ennerdale and Kinniside parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
pass
coordinates:- NY189133
10Km square:- NY11

1Km square NY1813

photograph

Scarth Gap -- Buttermere and Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- 1.5.2009
photograph

Scarth Gap -- Buttermere and Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- 4.4.2007

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 69 15)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Scarth Gap
locality
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Page 161:-
The other exit from Wastdale Head is by the road to Scarf Gap, already referred to as having been found dangerous by inexperienced travellers. A rough foot-road leads through the valley of Mosedale, between Kirkfell and Yewbarrow, till it enters Gillerthwaite, at the head of Ennerdale. Kirkfell and the stream being kept on the right, the track passes between Kirkfell and the Pillar. Coming down into Gillerthwaite, the view is beautiful. Great Gable and Kirkfell close in the dale at its head; High Stile and Red Pike are in front, and Gillerthwaite is below, with its circular green level, dropped over with wood, its farmhouse and stream, and the lake at the other end. Behind, the wild valley of Mosedale winds away between Kirkfell and Yewbarrow, and discloses the great summits of Scawfell and Bowfell. The Pillar is 2,893 feet high, and inaccessible, from its craggy and precipitous character. The path leads along the Pass called Blacksail to a sheepfold on the little river Liza, which falls into Ennerdale Lake: at that fold the stream will be crossed, and an indistinct path will be seen crossing a hollow in the direction of Buttermere. That hollow is Scarf Gap; and the path leads out upon Gatesgarth, at the head of Buttermere. ...
Page 162:-
... the walk from Wastdale to Gatesgarth is somewhat short of twelve miles. Most of it must be traversed on foot, though a horse may be led, to be occasionally mounted.

placename:- Scarf Gap
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

source:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
Plate, opposite p.84:-
thumbnail MNU113, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from Lanthwaite Wood Crummock Water, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
The view is captioned, numbers referring to mountains in the image:-
1 Whiteless Pike, 2 Honister Crag, 3 Green Gable, 4 Great End, 5 Great Gable / Rannerdale Knott (beneath), 6 Scawfell Pike, 7 Kirkfell / Scarf Gap (below), 8 High Crag, 9 High Stile, 10 Bleaberry Crag, 11 Red Pike, 12 Melbreak.
MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM LANTHWAITE WOOD CRUMMOCK WATER.
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.

placename:- Scarf Gap
person:- artist : Aspland, T L
person:- engraver : Banks, W
person:- publisher : Garnett, John
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2NY11, button to large image
Scarf Gap
hill hachuring

placename:- Scarf Gap
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P026, button   goto source.
Page 26:-
... Pedestrians, anxious to explore the inmost recesses of the mountains, may follow the lake [Ennerdale Water] to its head, and ... continue their route four of five miles along the narrow dale, ... and ... turn to the left, by the pass called Scarf Gap, to Buttermere; ...
...
image OT01P126, button   goto source.
Page 126:-
Opposite to the farm of Gatesgarth, which is two miles from the inn at Buttermere, a shepherd's path leads over the mountain, by a pass called Scarf-gap, ... The crags on the left of Scarf-gap are, from their form, called Hay-stacks; and to the right, three adjoining summits are called High-crag, High-stile, and Red-pike.

placename:- Scarf Gap
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

old print:- Black 1856

Guide book, Black's Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Black, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, or Soho Square, London, 1856 to 1900s onwards.
thumbnail BC08E5, button to large image
Print, lithograph, Outline Views, Buttermere - Mountains as seen from the Knots near the Hotel at Buttermere, and Mountains as seen at the Seat in Lanthwaite Wood, Scale Hill, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1900.
... Scarf Gap ...

placename:- Scarf Gap
date:- 1900
period:- 1900s

old print:- Martineau 1855

Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-71.
thumbnail MNU113, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains seen from Lanthwaite Wood Crummock Water, drawn by L Aspland, engraved by W Banks, Edinburgh, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855.
Opposite p.84 in A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau.
The view is captioned, numbers refering to mountains in the image - 1 Whiteless Pike, 2 Honister Crag, 3 Green Gable, 4 Great End, 5 Great Gable / Rannerdale Knott (beneath), 6 Scawfell Pike, 7 Kirkfell / Scarf Gap (below), 8 High Crag, 9 High Stile, 10 Bleaberry Crag, 11 Red Pike, 12 Melbreak.
printed at top:-
MOUNTAINS SEEN FROM LANTHWAITE WOOD CRUMMOCK WATER.
printed at bottom left, right:-
L Aspland Delt. / W Banks Sc Edinr.

placename:- Scarf Gap
date:- 1855
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Sylvan 1847

thumbnail SYL155, button to large image
Print, engraving, Ennerdale Water from Scarf Gap, showing Scarth Gap, Buttermere, Cumberland, published by John Johnstone, Paternoster Row, London, et al, 1847.
On p.211 of Sylvan's Pictorial Guide to the English Lakes.
printed at bottom:-
ENNERDALE WATER (from Scarf Gap).

placename:- Scarf Gap
date:- 1847
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Prior 1865

Guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
thumbnail PI0103, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Buttermere, Honister Crag, Scarth Gap, and Haystacks, Cumberland, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
Included on page 16 of the guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior.
printed at bottom:-
BUTTER-MERE, HONISTER CRAG, SCARTH GAP, AND HAYSTACKS.

placename:- Scarth Gap
date:- 1865
period:- 19th century, late

old print:- Black 1841 (3rd edn 1846)

Guide book, Black's Picturesque Guide to the English Lakes, published by Adam and Charles Blck, North Bridge, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, 1841 to 1888.
thumbnail BC02E7, button to large image
Print, engraving, outline view, Mountains as seen from The Knots near the Victoria at Buttermere, and Mountains as seen at the Seat in Lanthwaite Wood, Scale Hill, by J Flintoft, Keswick, Cumberland, engraved by R Mason, Edinburgh, Lothian, about 1846.
... Scarf Gap ...

placename:- Scarf Gap
date:- 1844
period:- 19th century, early

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Scarth Gap -- Buttermere and Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- 4.4.2007
tiny photograph, 
button to large Scarth Gap -- Buttermere and Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- From road to Newlands Hause. -- NY17851704 (SSE) -- 10.6.2005
tiny photograph, 
button to large Scarth Gap -- Buttermere and Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- 16.5.2012
tiny photograph, 
button to large Scarth Gap -- Buttermere and Ennerdale and Kinniside -- Cumbria / -- 16.5.2012 -- Cairn, -- NY18911332 (at)

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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