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placename:- Netherby
other name:- Netherby Hall
parish Arthuret parish, once in Cumberland
county:- Cumbria
building/s; park
coordinates:- NY39667161
10Km square:- NY37

1Km square NY3971

old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 6 15)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Netherby
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- OS County Series

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
Netherby / CASTRA EXPLORATORUM (Site of)

placename:- Netherby
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- Ford 1839 map

Map of the Lake District, published in A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, 1839.
thumbnail FD02NY37, button to large image
Netherby
Park and buildings.

placename:- Netherby
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

old map:- Hall 1820 (Cmd)

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 14.5 miles to 1 inch, by Sidney Hall, London, 1820, published by Samuel Leigh, 18 Strand, London, 1820-31.
thumbnail HA14, button to large image
Netherby
circle, italic lowercase text; settlement

placename:- Netherby
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1820
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38273, button to large image
page 273-274
2 Miles beyond Longtown, on r. is Netherby, Sir J. Graham, Bart.
thumbnail C38289, button to large image
page 289-290
2 Miles beyond Longtown, on r. is Netherby, Sir J. Graham, Bart.

placename:- Netherby
person:- : Graham, J, Sir
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 197:-
...
Horsley puts here [roman fort, Netherby] CASTRA EXPLORATORUM. The rev. Mr. Graham's house stands on the site of the station, on a rising ground washed by the Esk; and the country round him is a creation of his own. From a barren wild it became as rich as the rest which environed it. By the irruption of Solway moss, 1769, a tract worth £.400. a year was reduced to a bog. This estate passed from the Stutevilles to the Wakes, and was granted as debateable land by James I. to Francis Clifford, earl of Cumberland, who sold it to Nicholas Graham, master of the horse to the duke of Buckingham, and of the prince's party in his Spanish journey. He was left for dead at the battle of Edgehill, but survived to 1653. His grandson George was created by Charles II. viscount Preston in the kingdom of Scotland, and being convicted of treason for attempting to escape to James II. in France, was pardoned, and died 1695 at Nunnington, his estate in Yorkshire, where he was succeeded by his grandson Charles; who dying without issue 1739, was succeeded by his two aunts, coheirs of William. Catherine surviving was married to William lord Widdrington, and dying 1757 without issue, devised the estate to the rev. Robert Graham, M.A. second son of her uncle William Graham, dean of Carlisle and of Wells, owner 1775 of this vast tract of country, and rector of the two churches of Asthurst and Kirkandrews upon Esk. He died, and was succeeded by his son sir James Graham. A writer in the Gent. Mag. LV. 844. observes that by draining, manuring, and planting, this worthy gentleman improved his estate in 16 years from £.2000. per annum, to £.10,000. and even £.13,000 per annum, so that if his son pursues his plan it will amount to £.20,000 per annum clear. He first drained and improved 1000 acres, then erected villages of eight or ten houses, with a number of acres to each, and let them to his industrious married neighbours rent free for one or two years or more till they could pay, besides erecting churches and inns, and a very handsome commodious house for himself, where the most liberal hospitality presided.
person:- : Graham, Mr
person:- : Stuteville Family
person:- : Wake Family
person:- : James I
person:- : Clifford Family
person:- : Graham Family
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760 -- probably relevant

Misplaced; an error copied from earlier maps.
New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin, published by T Bowles, John Bowles and Son, Robert Sayer, and John Tinney, 1760; published 1760-87.
thumbnail BO18NY47, button to large image
Netherby
circle and line

placename:- Netherby
date:- 1760
period:- 18th century, late; 1760s

old map:- Morden 1695 (Cmd)

Maps, Westmorland, scale about 2.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland, scale about 3 miles to 1 inch, by Robert Morden, 1695.
image MD12NY37, button   goto source.
thumbnail MD12NY37, button to large image
Netherby
Circle.

placename:- Netherby
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1695
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Seller 1694 (Cmd)

Map, Westmorland, now Cumbria, scale about 8 miles to 1 inch, by John Seller, 1694; editions to 1787.
thumbnail SEL9, button to large image
Netherby
circle, italic lowercase text; settlement or house

placename:- Netherby
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1694
period:- 17th century, late; 1690s

old map:- Jansson 1646

Map, Cumbria et Westmoria, or Cumberland and Westmorland, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, by John Jansson, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1646; published 1646-1724.
thumbnail JAN3NY47, button to large image
Netherbÿ
Buildings and tower.

placename:- Netherby
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1646
period:- 17th century, early; 1640s

old map:- Speed 1611 (Cmd)

Maps, The Countie Westmorland and Kendale the Cheif Towne, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, and Cumberland and the Ancient Citie Carlile, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by John Speed, London, 1611; published 1611-1770.
thumbnail SP11NY37, button to large image
Netherby
circle, tower

placename:- Netherby
date:- 1611
period:- 17th century, early; 1610s

old map:- Saxton 1579

image Sax9NY36, button   goto source.
thumbnail Sax9NY36, button to large image
Tower, symbol for a house, hall, tower, etc.
Netherbye

placename:- Netherbye
county:- Cumberlandia
house
date:- 1576
period:- 16th century, late; 1570s

old map:- Cooper 1808

Map, Westmoreland ie Westmorland, scale about 9 miles to 1 inch, by H Cooper, 1808, published by G and W B Whittaker, 13 Ave Maria Lane, London, 1824.
thumbnail COP3, button to large image
Netherby
circle; village or hamlet

placename:- Netherby
locality:- Eskdale Ward
county:- Cumberland
date:- 1808
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Burghley 1590 (facsimile)

courtesy of the National Library of Scotland
thumbnail M048NY47, button to large image
Netherbie
circle, tower, cross

placename:- Netherbie

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
NETHERBY HALL / / / ARTHURET / CARLISLE / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 78101 / NY3966371613

placename:- Netherby Hall
district:- Carlisle
listed building
coordinates:- NY39667161
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
COOP HOUSE NORTH WEST OF NETHERBY HALL / / / ARTHURET / CARLISLE / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 78104 / NY3866971474

placename:- Coop House
district:- Carlisle
listed building
coordinates:- NY38667147
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
COACHMAN'S HOUSE AND STABLES ADJOINING TO NORTH OF NETHERBY HALL / / / ARTHURET / CARLISLE / CUMBRIA / II / 78102 / NY3964371673
district:- Carlisle
listed building -- stable
coordinates:- NY39647167
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Rose 1832-35 (vol.2 no.25)

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail PR0029, button to large image
Print, uncoloured engraving, Netherby, Cumberland, drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by J C Bentley, published by Fisher, Son and Co, London, 1832-35.
vol.2 pl.25 in the set of prints, Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated.
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
T. Allom. / J.C.Bentley. / NETHERBY, CUMBERLAND. / THE SEAT OF SIR JAMES GRAHAM, FIRST LORD OF THE ADMIRALTY.

placename:- Netherby
person:- : Graham, James, Sir
date:- 1832=1835
period:- 19th century, early

old print:- Rose 1832-35

Engravings - Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated; from drawings by Thomas Allom, George Pickering, and H Gastineau, described by Thomas Rose, published by H Fisher, R Fisher, and P Jackson, Newgate Street, London, 1832-35.
thumbnail R223, button to large image
Netherby, Cumberland
Drawn by Thomas Allom, engraved by J C Bentley, 1833.

placename:- Netherby
date:- 1833
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

story Anthony Berry Rudge age 45, James Martin alias John White age 36, James Baker also known as John age 29, and a fourth man, a gang from London, carried out a burglary at Netherby in the evening of 28 October 1885. They only took some jewelry, probably being disturbed by a passing housemaid. The burglary was discovered quickly; the police at Longtown were informed, and a chase began.
About 11pm they were confronted at Kingstown by Sergeant John Rhodes, and PC Jacob Johnstone, of the Cumberland and Westmorland Constabulary. Both constables were shot and wounded. Another posse of constables were warded off by threats of shooting.
Eventually they were approached near Plumpton Wall by PC Joseph Byrnes, whom they shot and killed. There is a memorial to him in the village. Three of the gang were caught, and hanged at Carlisle.

note Netherby and also The Mote are shown on different maps north or south of Longtown.

notes tower incorporated in later house
Perriam, D R & Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; plan and illustrations

button   East Lodge, Arthuret
button   footbridge, Kirkandrews
button   icehouse, Netherby
button   North Lodge, Arthuret
button   roman fort, Netherby
button   South Lodge, Arthuret
button   Washer's Well, Netherby

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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