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Lanthwaite, Buttermere
civil parish:-   Buttermere (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   locality
locality type:-   buildings
locality type:-   flood
coordinates:-   NY15912078 (etc) 
1Km square:-   NY1520
10Km square:-   NY12

evidence:-   old map:- Donald 1774 (Cmd) 
placename:-  Longthwaite
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, 3x2 sheets, The County of Cumberland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by Thomas Donald, engraved and published by Joseph Hodskinson, 29 Arundel Street, Strand, London, 1774.
block or blocks, labelled in lowercase; a hamlet or just a house 
item:-  Carlisle Library : Map 2
Image © Carlisle Library

evidence:-   old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (But/Cru/Low) 
placename:-  Longthwaite
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, An Accurate Map of Buttermere, Crummock and Loweswater Lakes, scale about 3 inches to 1 mile, by Peter Crosthwaite, Keswick, Cumberland, 1794, version published 1800.
item:-  Armitt Library : 1959.191.2
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old map:- Ford 1839 map
placename:-  Longthwaite
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, Map of the Lake District of Cumberland, Westmoreland and Lancashire, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, and by R Groombridge, 5 Paternoster Row, London, 3rd edn 1843.
item:-  JandMN : 100.1
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Martineau 1855
item:-  storm, 1760waterspoutflood, 1760weather
source data:-   Guide book, A Complete Guide to the English Lakes, by Harriet Martineau, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Whittaker and Co, London, 1855; published 1855-76.
image MNU1P131, button  goto source
Page 131:-  "... The most tremendous waterspout remembered in the region of the lakes, descended the ravine between Grassmoor and Whiteside, in 1760. It swept the whole side of Grassmoor at midnight, and carried down everything that was lying loose all through the vale below, and"
image MNU1P132, button  goto source
Page 132:-  "over a piece of arable land at the entrance, where it actually peeled the whole surface, carrying away the soil and the trees, and leaving the rocky substratum completely bare. The soil was many feet deep, and the trees fullgrown. Then it laid down what it brought, covering ten acres with the rubbish. By the channel left, it appears that the flood must have been five or six yards deep, and a hundred yards wide. Among other pranks, it rooted up a solid stone causeway, which was supported by an embankment apparently as strong as the neighbouring hills. The flood not only swept away the whole work, but scooped out the entire line for its own channel. ..."

A terrible waterspout was described in:-
Gilpin, John: 1772: Observations Relative Chiefly to Picturesque Beauty
This was probably a cloudburst in the hills which flooded down the gully onto Lanthwaite Green:-
"... charging itself with all the rubbish it found there it made its way into the vale. At the foot of the mountain it was received by a piece of arable ground; on which its violence first broke. Here it tore away trees, soil and gravel; and laid bare, many feet in depth to the naked rock. Over the next ten acres it seems to have made an immense roll; covering them with so vast a bed of stones that no human art can ever again restore the soil. When we saw the place, tho' twelve years after the event, many marks remained, still flagrant of this scene of ruin."
The flood was diverted from Brackenthwaite by the rock on which the houses stood, and fell into the River Cocker, causing more flooding.

NY15482056 boat house, Crummock Water (Buttermere)
NY15692036 High Wood (Buttermere)
NY15862062 Lanthwaite Cottage (Buttermere)
NY15802107 Lanthwaite Gate (Buttermere)
NY15882085 Lanthwaite Green Farm (Buttermere)
NY15312092 Lanthwaite Wood (Buttermere)
NY15982127 Peel Place (Buttermere)
NY15992103 settlement, Lanthwaite (Buttermere)
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