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Kendal Fell, Kendal
Kendal Fell
civil parish:-   Kendal (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   hill
locality type:-   fell
coordinates:-   SD50559302 (etc) 
1Km square:-   SD5093
10Km square:-   SD59

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 38 8) 
placename:-  Kendal Fell
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
hill hachuring 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Images © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P190, button  goto source
Page 190:-  "A TABLE OF THE Height of Mountains and Lakes SEEN IN THIS TOUR, ... TAKEN FROM THE LEVEL OF THE SEA. ... by Mr. John Dalton."
"Kendal-fell, N.W. summit ... 216 [yards]"

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag
item:-  geologyfossilstink stone
source data:-   Magazine, The Gentleman's Magazine or Monthly Intelligencer or Historical Chronicle, published by Edward Cave under the pseudonym Sylvanus Urban, and by other publishers, London, monthly from 1731 to 1922.
image G7940111, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1794 p.111  "..."
"We set off from Kendal on the first of August, on foot; which mode of travelling a judicious Naturalist will always prefer, because it affords him the best opportunity of pursuing his favourite study."
"Kendal Fell is a hill which does not rise more than 160 yards above the river Kent in the highest part, The superior strata, to a great depth, consist of compact limestone, being that variety called stink stone as it emits a disagreeable smell when rubbed against a hard body, Its colour is grey, its fracture rough, and its specific gravity [2.723]. It abounds with petrifactions,"

evidence:-   old text:- Gents Mag 1794
source data:-   image G7940112, button  goto source
Gentleman's Magazine 1794 p.112  "principally of the bivalve kind, which are very frequently mutilated. This vast mass of calcareous matter terminates in an extensive field of the same, occupying the valley to the South, In this part it rests on an elevated ridge of the grey variety of the shistus fuscus, which is the common stone of the country to the North, and even takes place immediately on the East side of the river, where no limestone appears parallel to the hill; but the natural rock is never seen in the low grounds excepting by those who sink deep wells; for, it is buried beneath a thick covering of sand and pebbles, that forms the bed of the Kent, and extends up the declivities on both sides of it to a height far exceeding the limits of the present channel. ..."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834) 
item:-  geology
source data:-   Guide book, A Concise Description of the English Lakes, the mountains in their vicinity, and the roads by which they may be visited, with remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the district, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland now Cumbria, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirkby Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823; published 1823-49, latterly as the Descriptive Guide to the English Lakes.
image OT01P161, button  goto source
Page 161:-  "A superincumbent bed of limestone, by some called the mountain, by others the upper transition limestone, mantles round these mountains, in a position unconformable to the strata of the slaty and other rocks upon which it reposes. It bassets out near ... Lowther and Shap; it appears again near Kendal,"

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
placename:-  Kendal Fell
item:-  altitude, Kendal Fell
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P178, button  goto source
No. Names of Mountains. Dalton. Otley. Trig. S. Jamieson
32 Kendal Fell 648

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