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placename:- Holker Hall
other name:- Holker Park
other name:- Hoaker Hall ?
parish Lower Holker parish, once in Lancashire
county:- Cumbria
building/s; park; garden
coordinates:- SD35907738
10Km square:- SD37

1Km square SD3577

photograph

Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- 7.4.2006
photograph

Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- 9.6.2011

old map:- OS County Series (Lan 17 6)

County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

placename:- Holker Hall
building/s
date:- 1890=1899
period:- 19th century, late; 1890s

old map:- Garnett 1850s-60s H

Map of the English Lakes, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, 1850s-60s.
thumbnail GAR2SD37, button to large image
Holker Hall
block, building

placename:- Holker Hall
date:- 1850=1869
period:- 19th century, late; 1850s; 1860s

descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843)

Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by William Ford, published by Charles Thurnham, London, et al, 1839; published 1839-52.
Page 4:-
In the neighbourhood [of Cartmel] is Holker Hall, the seat of Lord G. Cavendish, in which there is a fine collection of paintings.
Page 156:-
... Not far from this town [Cartmel] is Holker Hall, the seat of the Burlingtons.

placename:- Holker Hall
person:- : Cavendish, George, Lord
person:- : Burlington Family
date:- 1839
period:- 19th century, early; 1830s

descriptive text:- Otley 1823 (5th edn 1834)

Guidebook, Concise Description of the English Lakes, later A Description of the English Lakes, by Jonathan Otley, published by the author, Keswick, Cumberland, by J Richardson, London, and by Arthur Foster, Kirky Lonsdale, Cumbria, 1823 onwards.
image OT01P094, button   goto source.
Page 94:-
... surrounded by a fine park, ... Holker Hall, the seat of The Earl of Burlington: ...
image OT01P161, button   goto source.
Page 161:-
A superincumbent bed of limestone, by some called the mountain, by others the upper transition limestone, mantles round these mountains, in a position unconformable to the strata of the slaty and other rocks upon which it reposes. It bassets out near ...
image OT01P162, button   goto source.
Page 162:-
... A remarkable exception, however, occurs in Holker Park, where the mountain rock is succeeded by limestone, and that by sandstone and shale, resembling that which accompanies coal - all within a very short distance.
person:- : Burlington, Earl of
date:- 1823
period:- 19th century, early; 1820s

descriptive text:- Baker 1802

Perspective road map with sections in Lancashire, Westmorland, and Cumberland through Kendal and Penrith ending at Carlisle, by J Baker, London 1802.
pp.25-26:-
... Holker, the seat of Lord Cavendish, ...

placename:- Holker
person:- : Cavendish, Lord
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old map:- Cooke 1802 -- probably relevant

Maps, Westmoreland, Cumberland, etc, now Cumbria, by George Alexander Cooke, London, 1802-10; published 1802-24.
thumbnail GRA1La, button to large image
Park
outline of fence palings; park

placename:- Park
county:- Lancashire
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

road book:- Cary 1798 (2nd edn 1802)

Road book, Cary's New Itinerary, by John Cary, published by G and J Cary, 86 St James's Street, London, 1798-1828.
thumbnail C38319, button to large image
page 319-320
At Halker, about a Mile further on [E from Cartmel], on r. is the Seat of Lord Geo. Cavendish ...

placename:- Halker
person:- : Cavendish, George, Lord
date:- 1802
period:- 19th century, early; 1800s

old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions)

Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
Page 142:-
...
Holker mount, once the seat of the Prestons, since the property of the Lowthers, and now of lord George Cavendish, is a large irregular house in a pretty park well wooded.

placename:- Holker Mount
person:- : Preston Family
person:- : Lowther Family
person:- : Cavendish, George, Lord
date:- 1789
period:- 18th century, late; 1780s

old map:- West 1784 map

A Map of the Lakes in Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire, now Cumbria, scale about 3.5 miles to 1 inch, engraved by Paas, 53 Holborn, London, included in the Guide to the Lakes by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Westmorland, and in London, from the 3rd edition 1784, to 1821.
image Ws02SD37, button   goto source.
thumbnail Ws02SD37, button to large image

placename:- Holker Hall
house
county:- Lancashire

descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821)

Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P034, button   goto source.
Page 34:-
Proceed through rocky fields and groves to Holker, one mile, the seat of the right Hon. Lord George Cavendish. The carriage road is by Cark-hall. At the top of the hill there opens a fine view of Furness. Holker-hall lies at your feet, embosomed in wood. ...
image WS21P035, button   goto source.
Page 35:-
... Descend to Holker, which adds to the surrounding scenes what is peculiar to itself, joined to the improvements of the noble owner, finished in a masterly style [1]. The traveller will here observe husbandry in a more flourishing situation than in the country he is soon to visit. The husbandmen in this part, as elsewhere, are slow in imitating new practices; but the continued success which has attended the improvements on his lordship's estates, has not failed to effect a reformation amongst the Cartmel farmers.
[1] The connoisseur in painting may here have the pleasure of seeing a good collection of pictures; amongst which are, by Claude Lorrain, a very capital landscape, exhibiting a view of the Tiber, with the temple of Apollo, the nine muses, &c. another representing the departure out of Egypt, and two more small views. Also a large landscape by Rubens; two fine church pieces by B. Neels (the figures by Elshamer); and several others by Woverman, Hobina, Teniers, Swanevelt, Zuccarelli, Rysdal, and other eminent masters.
person:- : Cavendish, George, Lord
person:- artist : Lorrain, Claude
person:- artist : Rubens
person:- artist : Neels, B
person:- artist : Elshamer
person:- artist : Woverman
person:- artist : Hobina
person:- artist : Teniers
person:- artist : Swanevelt
person:- artist : Zuccarelli
person:- artist : Rysdal
date:- 1778
period:- 18th century, late; 1770s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
HOLKER HALL AND TERRACE WALL APPROXIMATELY 70 METRES TO GARDEN TO SOUTH EAST / / B5278 / LOWER HOLKER / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II[star] / 77040 / SD3590977383
courtesy of English Heritage
House, part now flats. 1720s with extensions and alterations, 1783 ff, by J. Carr; re-facing and low office wing 1838-42 by G. Webster. West wing 1871-5 by Paley and Austin. Terrace wall cl9lO by T.W. Mawson. Roughcast stone resembling dressed stone, with ashlar dressings and slate roof, south-west facade plain roughcast. West wing of ashlar. North-east facade of 2 storeys and 12 bays, 5th to 9th bays breaking forward. 1st floor sill band and modillioned cornice. Windows have architraves and are sashed with glazing bars in elongated hexagon pattern. 7th bay has segmental-headed entrance has 6-panel door, side lights and fanlight with glazing bars; bays to left has inserted C20 garage doors. Top panel with gable and round recess; octagonal open cupola on square base. End bay arched throughway. Cross-axial and return lateral stacks. South-east facade similar, of 3 bays. Bowed stair bay has Venetian window, small projecting wing also has Venetian window. North-west facade is of one storey, end gabled bay with round-headed openings and cross-axial stacks; gable end has bowed stair bay with segmental-pointed windows with sashes as to north-east facade, and similar trefoil-headed window. South-east facade of 3 storeys with attic 8 bays. Parapet and 2 gables. Windows mostly 2-light hollow-chamfered-mullioned windows with labels; 2nd bay has full-height canted bay window with embattled parapet. Early C20 Garden room to end has 3 round arches, late C20 wall paintings. Courtyard has varied fenestration; entrance with Doric porch. West wing of 2 storeys with attic. Richly ornamental; string courses, pierced parapets, coped gables, octagonal stacks and mullioned and transomed windows. South-east facade of 7 bays. 1st 2 bays project under gable with stack and octagonal pinnacles, 3rd bay has re-entrant porch with pinnacles and 2-stage octagonal tower with ogival cupola, 4th-6th bays have hipped dormers, 7th bay forms 4-stage square tower with lead pyramidal roof. North-west facade of 5 bays with bowed angle bay, 2nd bay 2-storey canted bay window and gabled dormer, canted oriel to 4th bay and dormer, dormer to 5th bay. South-west end of 3 bays, bay window with triangular projection, 2 gabled dormers. Interior, older part has 2 flying stairs, room with C17 panelling from Raven Winder (q.v.) and fireplace from farm at Conishead, 2 twisted wood columns from Germany. West wing has rich decoration, ornate panelling, plaster ceilings and alabaster fireplaces. 2 round arches to open well stair. Some C16 or C17 fireplaces and fireplace with Wedgewood jasperware plaques. The west wing is an outstanding work by an important northern architectural firm. See Country Life, 2616.80 and 3.7.80 and guidebook.

placename:- Holker Hall
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- SD35907738
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
SOUTH LODGE TO HOLKER HALL / / B5278 / LOWER HOLKER / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 77046 / SD3604177042
courtesy of English Heritage
Lodge. Dated 1875. By Paley and Austin. Rock-faced limestone with ashlar dressings, slate roof with stone ridges. 2 storeys. L-plan. Cornice and coped gables; quoins; ovolo-mullioned windows. South gabled bay has 6-light bowed window with dripstone and coped parapet; 3-light window to 1st floor. Re-entrant timber porch with hipped roof, panelling turned posts and enriched frieze; entrance has embattled lintel with date, door has strap hinges and vertical strips; 2-light window adjacent. East gabled bay has 3-light window with dripstone to ground floor and 2-light window to 1st floor. Single storey hipped projection to north has 2-light windows. Stack to ridge angle and cross-axial stack to north projection.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- SD36047704
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
HOLKER HALL, ENTRANCE GATES AND RAILINGS / / B5278 / LOWER HOLKER / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 77047 / SD3604077029
courtesy of English Heritage
Gates, gate piers and railings. c1875. By Paley and Austin. Wrought iron and stone. Iron railings on stone base curve in to paired gates with flanking single gates. 2 large rusticated gate piers have entablatures and ogee caps with large ball finials, part fluted. Gates have richly decorated panels and cresting, with some gilding. Railings have square iron piers with openwork sides and finials alternating with decorative panels with cresting. South end of railings has stone pier with ball finial.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- railings; gate
coordinates:- SD36047702
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
STABLE BUILDING TO SOUTH EAST OF HOLKER HALL / / B5278 / LOWER HOLKER / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 77041 / SD3597777357
courtesy of English Heritage
Stable building, now cafe and flats. Dated 1864. Stone rubble with ashlar dressings and slate roofs. U-plan; south-west facade of 2 storeys and 5 bays, with lower wings of 2 storeys and 3 bays, the wing to left with single storey and bay extension. Windows and entrance have chamfered reveals, those to ground floor with flat relieving arches. Ground floor windows have cross-casements. 1st floor has central window under gablet with decorative bargeboards and finials, 3-light casement, the central light higher; 1st and 5th bays have small-paned casements under gablets as to central bay; other bays have small boarded windows. 3 entrances with board doors and large overlights. Central open timber bell turret has pyramidal roof with 4-face clock and weather vane. Wings similar with small-paned casements to 1st floor and segmental-headed coach house doors, 3 to left wing, now with C20 glazing, one to right wing; gable-ends have segmental-headed windows to 1st floor, that to right has 2 mullions. Some gable-end stacks. Outer right return has external stair to 1st floor entrance. North-east facade has 3 loading doors with gablets, that to centre with external stair and datestone to gablet. Single-storey range of loose boxes to rear.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- stable
coordinates:- SD35977735
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
UNDERPASS APPROXIMATELY 120 METRES NORTH WEST OF WHITEGATE COTTAGES / / B5278 / LOWER HOLKER / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 77039 / SD3592477626
courtesy of English Heritage
Underpass. Probably early to mid C19. Limestone. South-west side has waterworn limestone forming arch and abutments giving grotto effect. North- east side filled in. The Underpass gave access from Holker Hall gardens to the kitchen gardens etc.
district:- South Lakeland
listed building
coordinates:- SD35927762
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

database:- Listed Buildings 2010

courtesy of English Heritage
NORTH LODGE AND GATE PIERS TO HOLKER HALL / / B5278 / LOWER HOLKER / SOUTH LAKELAND / CUMBRIA / II / 77038 / SD3576377727
district:- South Lakeland
listed building -- gate piers
coordinates:- SD35767772
date:- 2010
period:- 2010s

old print:- Jopling 1843

Book, Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
thumbnail JP1E29, button to large image
Print, Holker Hall, Lower Holker, Lancashire, by Charles M Jopling, published by Whittaker and Co, Ave Maria Lane, London and by Stephen Soulby, Ulverston, Cumberland, 1843.
Tipped in opposite p.208 of a Sketch of Furness and Cartmel, by Charles M Jopling.

placename:- Holker Hall
date:- 1843
period:- 19th century, early

old print:-
thumbnail PR0063, button to large image
Print, coloured lithograph, Holker Hall, Lower Holker, Lancashire, engraved by J McGahey, from a photograph by J H Taphouse, printed by J Richardson, Barrow-in-Furness, 1870?
printed at bottom left, right, centre:-
On Stone by J. McGahey / J H Taphouse, Photo / & Printed by J Richardson, Barrow in Furness / HOLKER HALL, THE LOCAL SEAT OF HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE.

placename:- Holker Hall
person:- : Devonshire, Duke of
date:- 1870
period:- 19th century, late

notes Garden design by Thomas H Mawson 1909 and 1910, for Lord Richard Cavendish.
Waymark, Janet: 2009: Thomas Mawson, Life, Gardens and Landscapes: Lincoln, Francis (London)
Longville, Tim & Corbett, Val (photr): 2007: Gardens of the Lake District: Frances Lincoln (London)
: 2012: Cumbria Gardens 2012: National Gardens Scheme

photographs
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- 30.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- 30.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- Date stone, and Cavendish coat of arms. -- 30.7.2010
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- Seat. -- SD35817736 (at) -- 9.6.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- Seat, coat of arms. -- SD35817736 (at) -- 9.6.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- Statue of Inigo Jones. -- SD35907745 (at) -- 9.6.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- Underpass tunnel to the kitchen gardens. -- SD35917762 (at) -- 9.6.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- Sunken garden. -- 9.6.2011
tiny photograph, 
button to large Holker Hall -- Lower Holker -- Cumbria / -- Dovecote by the sunken garden. -- SD35867757 (at) -- 9.6.2011

hearsay Begun in the early 17th century, destroyed by fire, 1871, and rebuilt 1873-74. It has always been the home of one family, never sold, sometimes descending in the female line, to the present owners, Lord and Lady Cavendish.

button   Holker Lime, Lower Holker
button   icehouse, Holker Hall
button   labyrinth, Holker Hall
button   Lakeland Motor Museum, Backbarrow
button   sundial, Holker Hall

Old Cumbria Gazetteer - JandMN: 2013

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