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Guardhouse, Threlkeld
civil parish:-   Threlkeld (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   locality
locality type:-   buildings
coordinates:-   NY34012591 (etc) 
1Km square:-   NY3425
10Km square:-   NY32

CGJ48.jpg (taken 15.8.2017)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 57 13) 
placename:-  Guardhouse
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   old map:- Donald 1774 (Cmd) 
placename:-  Guard House
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, 3x2 sheets, The County of Cumberland, scale about 1 inch to 1 mile, by Thomas Donald, engraved and published by Joseph Hodskinson, 29 Arundel Street, Strand, London, 1774.
"Guard ho."
block or blocks, labelled in lowercase; a hamlet or just a house 
item:-  Carlisle Library : Map 2
Image © Carlisle Library

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P202, button  goto source
Addendum; Mr Gray's Journal, 1769 
Page 202:-  "..."
"Oct. 2. I set out at ten for Keswick [from Penrith], ... The broad and green vallies of Gardies and Lowside, with a swift stream glittering among the cottages and meadows, lay to the left, ..."

evidence:-   old text:- Clarke 1787
placename:-  Guardhouse
source data:-   Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, written and published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787; published 1787-93.
image CL13P057, button  goto source
Page 57:-  "..."
"In this narrow pass is a place called Guardhouse, where are the remains of a very strong wall; its name gives the most probable grounds for conjecture concerning its use, viz. That it has been a watch-tower, to guard this defile against the incursions of invaders. An old writing, preserved at Greystock Castle, informs us, that this was the place of safety where the family of Threlkelds of Threlkeld-Hall used to preserve their provisions; though I well know, that those turbulent and uncivilized ages (of which we have so many remains) made this precaution necessary, I cannot help thinking"
image CL13P058, button  goto source
Page 58:-  "this was only the secondary use, and that the original was what I have hinted above. I am farther confirmed in this opinion, from the circumstance of this once rich and flourishing family never having had any castle or strong-hold at Threlkeld-Hall, at least that I can hear of; and of course there was a necessity for there being in this place one of those guard or watch-houses, of which we find such numbers throughout this and the adjacent counties. ..."

NY33992599 Guardhouse Bridge (Threlkeld)
NY33952601 sheepfold, Threlkeld (7) (Threlkeld)
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