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Goat Scar, Longsleddale
Goat Scar
civil parish:-   Longsleddale (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   rocks
coordinates:-   NY47660684 (etc) 
1Km square:-   NY4706
10Km square:-   NY40

BRB84.jpg (taken 19.7.2009)  
BZS98.jpg (taken 28.12.2013)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 27 2) 
placename:-  Goat Scar
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.

evidence:-   old map:- Jefferys 1770 (Wmd) 
placename:-  Codka
source data:-   Map, 4 sheets, The County of Westmoreland, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, surveyed 1768, and engraved and published by Thomas Jefferys, London, 1770.
hill hachuring; hill or mountain 
item:-  National Library of Scotland : EME.s.47
Image © National Library of Scotland

evidence:-   old map:- Hodgson 1828
placename:-  Goatka
placename:-  Goat Crag
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, 4 sheets mounted together on linen and rolled, Plan of the County of Westmorland, scale about 1.25 inches to 1 mile, by Thomas Hodgson, engraved by W R Gardner, Harpur Street, London, published by Thomas Hodgson, Lancaster, and perhaps by C Smith, 172 Strand, London,1828.
map courtesy of Mark Cropper
"Goatka or Goat Crag"
item:-  private collection : 371
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
placename:-  Goat Scar
item:-  altitude, Goat Scar
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P178, button  goto source
No. Names of Mountains. Dalton. Otley. Trig. S. Jamieson
24 Goat Scar, Hawes Water 1989

evidence:-   old map:- OS 1881-82 New Series (outline edition) 
placename:-  Goat Scar
source data:-   Map, engraving, area north of Kendal, Westmorland, New Series one inch map, outline edition, sheet 39, scale 1 inch to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, 1881-82.
, "Goat Scar"
item:-  JandMN : 61
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Watson 1894
source data:-   View of upper Longsleddale including Sadgill, Goat Scar and Buckbarrow, in The Annals of a Quiet Valley, by A Country Parson edited by John Watson, published by J M Dent and Co, London, 1894.
image  click to enlarge
item:-  Kendal Library : 5
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Wilson 1912
source data:-   Guide book, Longsleddale, by F M Wilson, published by T Wilson, Kendal, Westmorland, 1912.
"Towards the head of the valley the dale grows more narrow, rocky, and abrupt, till you think you can penetrate no further. As we leave the church, it assumes a wild, lonely and most solemn aspect, dividing Longsleddale from Mardale, with the grim and ghastly 'Goat Scar' on the left ..."
"The names of the hills round about Longsleddale still speak of a race of animals which lived in these dales at no distant date, Goat Scar, Ravens Crag, Buckbarrow, Buck Crags, and Catbarrow. It is only a few years since the last of the large vulture tribe was shot somewhere about Grey Crag."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- 
placename:-  Goatscar
item:-  houndfox houndfoxhuntingConiston Hounds
source data:-   Clapham, Richard: 1920: Foxhunting on the Lakeland Fells: Longmans, Green and Co (London) "In December, 1919, the Coniston Hounds had a very fast hunt from a covert above Staveley village. Hounds finally drove their fox to the head of the Longsleddale valley, where it 'benked' on a ledge on Goatscar. It had been a late find, and when the huntsmen arrived on the scene, darkness was fast drawing in. The fox was at last made to vacate his dangerous resting-place, and he scrambled down a precipitous chimney on the face of the towering crag. Then ensued a wild and exciting scene, such as can only be experienced on the fells. The chimney was a dangerous place for hounds, with a fox dodging his way through them. Twice they had hold of him, but he wrenched free, and got clear at the chimney's foot, where he soon outdistanced them across the rough scree-bed. One of the hounds fell a matter of fifty feet, but beyond being temporarily shaken appeared little the worse, and quickly resumed the chase. Snow was lying thickly on the tops, and it was sufficiently light to see the fox climbing out for the summit of the crag again, where he ran through the roughest of the ground near the fell head, and finally disappeared on the wide top of Harter Fell. Hounds followed him, and we saw them no mor that night."

evidence:-   old postcard:- 
source data:-   Postcard, sepia, photograph of Goatscar in the Si-Ko series, 1920s-30s?
image  click to enlarge
"Longsleddale, No. 4"
"Si-Ko Series"

courtesy of Michael Wooldridge
item:-  private collection : 144
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   textbook:- EPNS Westmorland 1967
source data:-   Book, The Place Names of Westmorland, two volumes, by A H Smith, published for the English Place Name Society by Cambridge University Press, Cambridgeshire, 1967

evidence:-   map:- OS Six Inch (1956) 
placename:-  Goat Scar
source data:-   Map series, various editions with the national grid, scale about 6 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, scale 1 to 10560 from 1950s to 1960s, then 1 to 10000 from 1960s to 2000s, superseded by print on demand from digital data.
"Goat Scar"

evidence:-   old print:- Prior 1865
source data:-   Print, uncoloured engraving, Gatescarth Pass and Longsleddale, Westmorland, published by John Garnett, Windermere, Westmorland, and by Simpkin, Marshall and Co, London, 1865.
image  click to enlarge
Included on page 51 of the guide book, Ascents and Passes in the Lake District of England, by Herman Prior. 
item:-  JandMN : 235.9
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old newspaper:- Z8900705.txt
placename:-  Goat Scar
source data:-   Z8900705.txt
Westmorland Gazette
Transcription from the Westmorland Gazette 5 July 1890 
page 6:-  "... Above Sadgill, we have a narrow channel or pass, bounded on one side by Goat Scar and on the other by Gard Ends. Thus Sleddale becomes the dale of the pass between the scars; ..."

BIH07.jpg  Shadow of Goat Scar in Longsleddale.
(taken 29.12.2003)  

BJD16.jpg  From the track from Sadgill to Gatescarth above Buckbarrow.
(taken 7.9.2004)  
BJH29.jpg  One of series taken for a cardboard cutout Christmas card.
(taken 21.12.2004)  

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