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earthwork, Dunmallard Hill
site name:-   Dunmallard Hill
civil parish:-   Dacre (formerly Cumberland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   earthwork
locality type:-   religious house (suggested, unlikely) 
coordinates:-   NY46772463
1Km square:-   NY4624
10Km square:-   NY42

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Cmd 66 2) 
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
"CAMP (Remains of)"

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P154, button  goto source
Page 154:-  "ANTIQUITIES. Before you quit the top of Dunmallet, observe the vestiges of its former importance, in the remains of a Roman fort. An area of 110 paces by 37, surrounded with a foss, is yet visible, and stones of the rampart still peep through the grass. The well, that supplied the guard kept here, was but lately filled with stones. This fort must have been of great consequence in guarding the lake, and commanding the pass, and in maintaining a connection between the garrisons of Ambleside and Brougham, it being five or six miles distance from the latter, and nineteen from the former. There are also strong vestiges of a square fort on Soulby-fell, which communicates with this, and the camp at Whitbarrow"

evidence:-   old text:- Clarke 1787
source data:-   Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, written and published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787; published 1787-93.
image CL13P025, button  goto source
Page 25:-  "..."
"Upon the top of Dunmallard was a Monastery of Benedictines; and at place called Maiden Castle, behind the higher end of Sowlby Fell, was a convent of Nuns of the same order, the ruins of both of which may at this day be traced. These two houses had a parcel of land allotted to them in common, part of it lying in the manor of Dacre, and part in that of Water-Millock, but all within the parish of Dacre: the boundary begun at Dacre-Beck-foot, where it falls into the Emont, then followed Dacre-Beck till it meets Greeves-Beck; this it followed to a place called Red-Mire; from thence to Banks-Well; thence it followed the course of the water to Dob-Beck, and followed that to Ulswater; it then followed the course of Ulswater and Emont to Dacre-Beck foot."

evidence:-   descriptive text:- Ford 1839 (3rd edn 1843) 
source data:-   Guide book, A Description of Scenery in the Lake District, by Rev William Ford, published by Charles Thurnam, Carlisle, by W Edwards, 12 Ave Maria Lane, Charles Tilt, Fleet Street, William Smith, 113 Fleet Street, London, by Currie and Bowman, Newcastle, by Bancks and Co, Manchester, by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, and by Sinclair, Dumfries, 1839.
image FD01P143, button  goto source
Page 143:-  "... Dunmallet, ... anciently crowned by a Roman station."

early 14th century pele tower, demolished

Perriam, D R &Robinson, J: 1998: Medieval Fortified Buildings of Cumbria: CWAAS:: ISBN 1 873124 23 6; drawing

Suggester iron age hillfort.

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