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Backbarrow Mill, Backbarrow
Backbarrow Mill
Backbarrow Cotton Mill
Ainsworth Cotton Mill
locality:-   Backbarrow
civil parish:-   Haverthwaite (formerly Lancashire)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   textile mill (spinning) 
locality type:-   mill
coordinates:-   SD357849
1Km square:-   SD3584
10Km square:-   SD38

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series
placename:-  Leven Woollen Mill
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
"Leven Woollen Mill"

evidence:-   descriptive text:- West 1778 (11th edn 1821) 
placename:-  Backbarrow Cotton Spinning Mills
source data:-   Guide book, A Guide to the Lakes, by Thomas West, published by William Pennington, Kendal, Cumbria once Westmorland, and in London, 1778 to 1821.
image WS21P026, button  goto source
Page 26, footnote:-  "... From thence [Newby Bridge] to Bouth, on the common turnpike 3 miles. (But it might be worth while to go a little out of the way through a valley on the left hand, by Backbarrow Cotton-spinning-mills, the iron founderies, and Low-wood Gunpowder-mills, which are very romantically situated)."

evidence:-   old map:- Crosthwaite 1783-94 (Win/Ble) 
placename:-  Mill, The
source data:-   Map, uncoloured engraving, An Accurate Map of the Grand Lake of Windermere, scale about 2 inches to 1 mile, by Peter Crosthwaite, Keswick, Cumberland, 1783, version published 1819.
"The Mill"
block, building/s, on the River Leven 
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.102
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old print:- Waugh 1860
placename:-  Backbarrow Mills
source data:-   Print, engraving, Backbarrow Mills, Backbarrow, Haverthwaite, Lancashire, drawn by T H Wilson, published by Alexander Ireland and Co, 22 Market Street, Manchester, 1860.
image  click to enlarge
On p.47 of Over Sands to the Lakes, by Edwin Waugh. 
printed at bottom left:-  "THW"
printed at bottom:-  "BACKBARROW MILLS."
item:-  Armitt Library : A1082.18
Image © see bottom of page

At one time this was a dark satanic mill, the Ainsworth Cotton Mill; its workforce of young children, orphans from Liverpool and London, working 6 days a week from 5am to 8pm.
In 1890 it became the Blue Works of the Lancashire Ultramarine Co, taken over by Reckitt and Colman in 1920, continuing to make industrial blue, a mixture of indigo and lime. This (it is firmly said) did not include Dolly Blue used in clothes washing. The mill closed 1981.
It has been converted to a hotel, White Water Hotel, with a group of time share houses known as The Lakeland Village.

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