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Wayside, Barton
civil parish:-   Barton (formerly Westmorland)
county:-   Cumbria
locality type:-   buildings
locality type:-   school (site of) 
coordinates:-   NY47812500
1Km square:-   NY4725
10Km square:-   NY42

BYB67.jpg (taken 5.4.2013)  
BYB68.jpg  Date stone:-
"[J F C] / 1906" (taken 5.4.2013)  

evidence:-   old map:- OS County Series (Wmd 7 6) 
source data:-   Maps, County Series maps of Great Britain, scales 6 and 25 inches to 1 mile, published by the Ordnance Survey, Southampton, Hampshire, from about 1863 to 1948.
"Grammar School (Endowed)"

evidence:-   old map:- Bowen and Kitchin 1760
source data:-   Map, hand coloured engraving, A New Map of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland Divided into their Respective Wards, scale about 4 miles to 1 inch, by Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin et al, published by T Bowles, Robert Sayer, and John Bowles, London, 1760.
cross potent 
item:-  Armitt Library : 2008.14.10
Image © see bottom of page

evidence:-   old text:- Clarke 1787
item:-  cock pennycock fighting
source data:-   Guide book, A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, written and published by James Clarke, Penrith, Cumberland, and in London etc, 1787; published 1787-93.
image CL13P039, button  goto source
Page 39:-  "..."
"We next see Barton, where there was once a school of great eminence. During the time that Mr Wilson was master, scholars were sent to him from the remotest parts of"
image CL13P040, button  goto source
Page 40:-  "the British Empire: since his death, in 1759, the school has been much upon the decline. This school was founded in the year 1649 by D. Langbane, Provost of Queen's College, Oxon: It has since received several donations, and is now of considerable value."
"At this, and most of the other schools in Westmorland and Cumberland, it is customary for the master to give the scholars a prize to fight cocks for: the master for this receives what is called the Cock-Penny, being a present according to the ability of the scholar, and the cock-fighting is held either at Shrovetide or Easter. This custom seems to have originated in that care which was taken here to instill into youth a martial and enterprizing spirit. This farther appears from the founders having ordered matters so, that in many schools half of the Master's salary depends on the cock-pennies; and if the master refuses to give the customary prize, the scholars withhold their present. At some schools, two captains are elected by the boys, who each fight a cock for the prize; and the winner has great honours conferred upon him in the presence of all the neighbourhood, who never fail to assemble upon these occasions. When these are the practices inculcated into early youth, we need not wonder at that spirit which has so often displayed itself to the terror and destruction of all opposers. In short, in the border-counties, every amusement, from the trifling plays of children to the laborious sports of manhood, seem to have one uniform tendency; I mean a tendency to train and inure the inhabitants to war and danger, and to make them undertake with indifference and coolness the most hazardous enterprize."

evidence:-   old text:- Camden 1789 (Gough Additions) 
source data:-   Book, Britannia, or A Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by William Camden, 1586, translated from the 1607 Latin edition by Richard Gough, published London, 1789.
image CAM2P162, button  goto source
Page 162:-  "..."
"... Here [Barton] is a freeschool founded 1649 by the learned D. Gerard Langbaine, provost of Queen's college, Oxford, a native, as was also Dr. William Lancaster, another provost and benefactor to this school."

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