button to main menu  Martineau's Complete Guide to the English Lakes, 1855

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Page 192:-

The Lake District, and the margin of comparatively level land extending to the Cumberland shore, affords such a scope for the natural production of plants as few of the English counties possess.
The great diversity of altitude,[1] and consequent variety of climate; the numerous and extreme changes of mineral and vegetable soils; the complete circult of aspect occasioned by the multiplicity and varied character of its hills and dales; the perfect exposure to the sea-breezes in some parts, and the exclusion from them in others; and the very different degrees of moisture to which the district is subject, varying from nearly 160 inches[2] of rain-fall per annum in one or two of the mountain vales, to only about 24 inches[3] in some of the lowland levels, accommodate the growth of a great variety of the British flora - the product of almost every locality between extreme anglo-alpine and the verge of the sea.
It is true that agricultural enterprise is quietly and gradualy, but surely, diminishing the numbers of the species; and perhaps the monopolising avarice of pro-
[1] Scawfell Pike, the highest land in the county, is 3160 feet above the level of the sea. - Mr. OTLEY.
[2] At Borrowdale per Dr. Miller.
[3] Harraby, near Carlisle.
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