button to main menu  Pennant's Tour 1773

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Page 169:-

The College, Kirkoswald [por]trayed King Brute and all his successor Kings of England. Very little of this magnificent castle remains; some scanty ruins mark its place. Mr. Sandford speaks of it as standing in the time of the Dacre earl of Sussex, who received his title in 1674. COLLEGE.
Not long before the dissolution, the church was turned into a College of twelve Secular Priests. All the glebe-lands and tithes are the property of the old family of the Featherstonhaughs. The college was converted into a mansion-house by that family, and was called by Mr. Sandford a noble one.
British placenames I quitted the banks of the Eden, and, keeping still northward, crossed some black heaths, which are succeeded by a country rich in barley and oats, a narrow vale bounded by coarse hills. Those to the east are a continuation of the great fells. At their bases, the land runs parallel, in great waves. The fells are distinguished by the names of their respective parishes, such as Croglin, Cumrew, and Castle-Carrock. These, and numbers of others in this county, were genuine British. The first is slightly corrupted from Crog Llyn, or the Hanging Rock; the next, Cumrew, from Cum a small hollow or recess in a mountain, and Rhiw a REMAINS OF BRITISH NAMES.

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