button to main menu  Martineau's Complete Guide to the English Lakes, 1855

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Page 24:-
margin of the sea. From Ulverstone to Furness, it is only seven miles. There is a good inn,- (though not cheap, as cheapness is not to be expected in the precincts of secluded ruins:) and here the tourist should bespeak his bed, if he means to study the Abbey.
  Furness Abbey
The Abbey was founded in A.D. 1127. Its domains extended over the whole promontory in which it lies, and to the north, as far as the Shire Stones on Wrynose. They occupied the space between Windermere on the east and the Duddon on the west. The Abbot was a sort of king; and his abbey was enriched, not only by King Stephen, but by the gifts of neighbouring proprietors, who were glad to avail themselves, not only of its religious privileges, but of its military powers for the defence of their estates against border foes, and the outlaws of the mountains,- the descendants of the conquered Saxons, who inherited their fathers' vengeance. The Abbey was first peopled from Normandy,- a sufficient number of Benedictine monks coming over from the monastery of Savigny to establish this house in honour of St. Marye of Furnesse. In a few years their profession changed: they followed St. Bernard, and wore the white cassock, caul and scapulary, instead of the dress of the grey monks. It is strange now to see the railway traversing those woods where these grey-robed foreigners used to pass hither and thither, on their holy errands to the depressed and angry native Saxons dwelling round about. The situation of the Abbey, as is usual with religious houses, is fine. It stands in the depth of a glen, with a stream
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