logo Guides to the Lakes
version 2016 / hints
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Michael Drayton's Polyolbion, 1612/22. button

Christopher Saxton's Map of Westmorland and Cumberland, 1576.

Richard Brathwaite's Drunken Barnaby's Four Journeys to the North of England, 1638. button

Lord Burghley's Plott of the Opposete Border of Scotland to ye West Marches of England, including the Debatable Land, 1590

Samuel Simpson's the Agreeable Historian or Compleat Travellers Guide, 1746. button

John Speed's maps of Westmorland and Cumberland, and of England and Wales, 1611.

Thomas West's Guide to the Lakes, 1778-1821; 11th edition 1821 transcribed. button

John Jansson's map of Westmorland and Cumberland, 1646.

Extracts and prints from William Gilpin's Observations on the Picturesque, 1786. button

John Ogilby's strip maps for Westmorland and Cumberland, 1675.

James Clarke's Survey of the Lakes, 1787; 2nd edition 1789, transcribed. button

Robert Morden's maps of Westmorland and Cumberland, 1695.

Joseph Farington's prints of the lakes, 1789. button

Bowen and Kitchin's map of Westmorland and Cumberland, 1760.

William Camden's Britannia, translated with additions by Richard Gough, 1789; transcribed. button

Thomas Jefferys's map of Westmorland, 1770.
The earliest map of the county at 1 inch to 1 mile.

Extracts and prints from Dr Syntax's Tour in search of the Picturesque, 1812. button

Thomas Donald's map of Cumberland, 1774.
The earliest map of the county at 1 inch to 1 mile.

Jonathan Otley's Concise Description of the English Lakes, 1823-1849; 5th edition 1835 transcribed. button

Thomas West's Map of the Lakes, 1784 onwards.

Thomas Rose's Westmorland, Cumberland, Durham and Northumberland Illustrated, 1832-35. button

Peter Crosthwaite's maps of lakes, 1783-94.

William Ford's Description of Scenery in the Lake District, 1839; 3rd edn 1843 transcribed. button

James Clarke's maps of lakes, 1787.

Harriet Martineau's Complete Guide to the English Lakes, 1855; 1st edn transcribed. button

John Cary's New Itinerary ... of the Great Roads ... England and Wales, 1798, 2nd edn 1802, parts in Cumbria.

Charles Dickens, The Lazy Tour of the Two Idle Apprentices, 1857. Extracts in The Lakes. button

Jonathan Otley's Map of the District of the Lakes, 1818 onwards.

British Rainfall, 1867-1918. Extracts for The Lakes. button

C and J Greenwood's one inch maps of Westmorland, Cumberland, and Lancashire north of the sands, 1824.

Herbert Bell Collection, photographs, 1880s-1940s. button

William Ford's Map of the Lake District, 1839; from his guide book, 3rd edn 1843.

John Garnett's Map of the English Lakes, 1850s-60s. Used as the base map for Ruthven's geological map in Martineau's guide book.

We are grateful for help we have received from both public and private collections; particularly:-

  Andrew Aindow
  Chris Chambers
  Rod Ireland
  David Webb
  Vivian Wright

  Armitt Library and Museum, Ambleside
  Wordsworth Trust, Dove Cottage
  Hampshire CC Museums Service
  Kendal Library, Local Studies
  Carlisle Library, Local Studies
  Keswick Museum
  Winchester College
  English Heritage

BEWARE The material in this site comes from active and growing databases which record ongoing research. We may have facts wrong; we may have inconsistencies; we're doing our best.